Monday, 13 August 2018

Migraine-A gift of stressful life

Migraine

Migraine is a neurological disorder. Characterized by a reverse throbbing pain on one or both sides of the head. In some cases, head pain may be accompanied by other symptoms including nausea vomiting, numbers of tingling in the face patients may also experience sensitivity to light and sound and vision problems.

Main phases of a Migraine
  • Phase 1: The prodrome where a trigger inside or outside your body causes an abnormal firing of a neuron in the brain. It can begin hours or days before an actual migraine starts.
  • Phase 2: This phase includes temporary visual or sensory disturbances. That usually strike before other migraine symptoms. Abnormal neural firing leads to a wave of electrical hyperactivity that moves across part of the brain that process is signal from your senses. Once the electrical waves stop the aura goes away not everyone experiences an aura when having a migraine only 22-25 % of a migraine suffer experiences of aura.
  • Phase3: Headache phase or attack phase. This is when an actual headache strikes and can last for hours up to several days. The abnormal firing of neuron activates the trigeminal nerve. Which surround the blood vessels in your head. This nerve is responsible for the motor function and sensation in the face. This leads to the release of inflammatory substances. That causes your blood vessels to swell leading to an increase in blood flow around the brain causing throbbing, pulsing pain. Pain receptors are then activated to send pain signals to different parts of the brain. If an untreated migraine can last up to 72 hours.

Why Migraine occurs?

There are many reasons behind a migraine. Some of them are written below.

  1. Allergic Reaction: some sleeping pills, HRT (Home replacement therapy) medication can be a possible trigger.
  2. Stress: Not only stress but anxiety, excitement shock can trigger a migraine.
  3. Lack of sleep: tiredness and lack of sleep or any other physical overexertion cell linked to a migraine.
  4. Alcohol and Smoking: This also causes a migraine. Some food like chocolate, cheese, citrus fruits contains tyramine can cause a migraine.
  5. Loud noise, bright light and certain types of odor.
  6. Menstrual Cycle: Women experience migraine symptoms due to hormonal changes.
When everyday headaches begin to pass through, do not ignore it, because it can also be a migraine. It would be better to understand the symptoms of a migraine and be cautious.

Symptoms of Migraine
  • Moderate to severe pain, sometimes confined to at least one side of the head however capable of occurring on either aspect of the other side of the head
  • Pulsing pain and throbbing pain in the head.
  • Pain increases during a physical activity or when straining.
  • Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea, feeling sick.
  • Increased sensitivity to light and sound and depression
  • Stuffed nose, and watery eyes, craving for certain types of food, eye, and neck pain, Aura (Flickering spots. Lines or Light).
Some individuals expertise different symptoms like sweating, temperature changes, abdomen ache, and looseness of the bowels.

How can we minimize the risk of a migraine?
  • Close your eyes and rest: Sit in a quiet, dark room with your eyes closed and just relax. It is an effective headache treatment.
  • Massage your neck: rubbing the neck with slow motion could improve blood flow and circulation.
  • Warm up your neck: tie a warm cloth to your neck to ease a tension headache, you can also try cool ice pack this could be helpful.
  • Meditation: Breathe deeply and use various relaxation techniques to help ease muscle contraction.
  • Minimize stress: just be happy, and try to avoid noisy and crowded places. Be positive and try to be live happily.
  • Change your eating & drinking habits: Avoid alcohol, smoking, and limit your caffeine intake. Do not skip meals especially breakfast.
  • Within the environment: unsteady screens, sturdy smells, second-hand smoke, and loud noises will go off a migraine. Stuffy rooms, temperature changes, and bright lights also are potential triggers.

Treatment of Migraine

There is presently no single cure for migraines. Treatment is geared toward preventing a full-blown attack and assuaging the symptoms that occur.
  • getting enough sleep
  • reducing stress
  • drinking much water daily
  • avoiding sure foods
  • regular exercise
Some individuals conjointly notice that special diets will facilitate, like gluten-free. Consider seeking any treatment if the on top of changes don't relieve the symptoms or frequency of migraines. The treatment of cephalalgia symptoms focuses on avoiding triggers, dominant symptoms, and taking medication.

Many medications are designed to treat migraines. Some medication typically wont to treat alternative conditions additionally might facilitate relieve or stop migraines. Medications won't to combat migraines make up 2 broad categories:

Pain-relieving medications: - Additionally called acute or unfruitful treatment, these varieties of medication area unit taken throughout cephalalgia attacks and area unit designed to prevent symptoms.

Preventive medications: - These varieties of medication area unit taken frequently, typically on a everyday, to cut back the severity or frequency of migraines.

Your treatment strategy depends on the frequency and severity of your headaches, the degree of incapacity your headaches cause, and your alternative medical conditions.

Some medications are not suggested if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Some medications are not given to youngsters. Your doctor will facilitate realize the proper medication for you.

Surgery: - The last decade has seen the event of recent approaches to the treatment of migraines. A doctor could administer associate injection of neurotoxin, or Botox, to the extracranial sensory branches of the trigeminal nerve and cervical spinal nerves. This area unit a bunch of nerves within the face and neck connected to cephalalgia reactions.

A 2014 review conjointly showed that surgical decompression of those nerves might scale back or eliminate migraines in patients UN agency don't reply to first-line treatment.

Can a person die from a migraine?

Well, we never heard a case of death because of a migraine. But if a person suffering from coronary artery disease then there is a chance because that person’s heart may not be able to withstand the increased metabolic attack so a person could die during severe migraine attack repetitive vomiting.

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