Thursday, 2 August 2018

Plastic eating worm

Plastic eating worm

By the increasing population, the environmental problems are also increasing. Many problems seem to be very serious for our future. like the most serious one is PLASTIC. Recently Maharashtra(India's State) government also banned the plastic polythene. Many railway stations also install a machine in which when we put in an empty plastic bottle it gives you five rupees. But is this a really a solution?
Every year, about 12.7 million kg of plastic enters the earth's ocean and this figure could double in the next decade, according to the ocean conservancy. it is a great exploration on because plastic pollution is a big global problem. This kind of discovery is a solution to get rid of plastic pollution. Scientists are looking forward to this discovery and doing a lot for its betterment. It will take time to use it at a big level but, it will definitely work.
For us, it is nearly impossible to not use plastic because if the government banned the use of plastic polythene then could. They banned all edible and other household items like soap, detergent, tea, sugar, and rice all are available in only plastic packing. So this is not our duty but this is also a duty of all big industries to replace the plastic packing with any other packing product like jute or paper etc. Because when we all share the same place to live (our earth). Then this is the duty of each and every individual to save it.
To make sure that the worms were not just chewing through the plastic but actually eating it, the researchers preserved some worms and left paste in contact with the plastic, after 14 hours, about 13% of the plastic was gone, suggesting that some in the worm's digestive system was truly digesting the plastic and they also found ethylene glycol the main compound in antifreeze was left behind, "Confirming degradation of polyethylene.
Paolo Bombelli a biochemist at Cambridge who took part in the study, said the finding could lead to a solution to the plastic waste mounting up in waterways ocean and landfills further research, the scientists hope to identify the enzymes that the waxworms produce when they go to work on a big. The genes for these might then put into marine organisms called Phytoplankton, and used to degrade plastics in the world.         
Do you know that The Great Pacific Garbage Patch. This is the largest accumulation of ocean plastic in the world and is located between Hawaii and California. Scientists of the ocean cleaned have conducted the most expensive analysis ever of this area. It is estimated that, 1.15 to 2.41 million tones of plastic entering the ocean every year. yet we don't concern about it. But now scientists came up with a unique solution to this. Scientists discover a new worm which can eat plastic. These worms eat and they could help us to get rid of our plastic trash they are called WAX WORMS.
They normally feed on BEESWAX. Luckily beeswax and plastic compounds have a similar chemical structure allowing these worms to feed on POLYTHENE, one of the most common plastics. They breakdown polythene and convert it to Ethylene Glycol which is an organic compound used in the production of polyester fibers and automotive antifreeze.
Plastic bags normally take over 100 years to biodegrade. 100 waxworms can biodegrade 92 mg of polythene in just 12 hours. Waxworms can chew sizable in a plastic shopping bag within 40 minutes. 
Researchers hope to replicate the mechanism in the lab and scale it up. The process could be used to devise a biotechnological solution for managing polythene waste. The species fully breakdown polyethylene(Polythene) terephthalate (PET) a common plastic. A plastic type that is used in drinks, cosmetics, and household cleaners. The bacteria IDEONELLA SAKAIENSIS breakdown plastic by using two enzymes. These enzymes hydrolyze PET yielding basic building blocks for growth. Plastic eating bacteria could save our world and our future too. We can give our children a better and more cleaner world. This is a very great discovery which was made by an Amateur beekeeper who dumped wax worms from her hives into a plastic bag. within a few hours, She found holes in her bag. University of Cambridge biochemists looked into this. Researchers found it in more detail. We need these type of new and innovative ideas to save our earth and to save our future. This is a need of this hour. We should fight for our planet earth coming together and because this is our home, our earth.

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