Thursday, 23 August 2018

Schizophrenia- A Less Known Disease

Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder also we can say that is mental illness previously called DEMENTIA PRAECOX. This disease affects the person’s ability to think and understand and affects about one present of the population. A person suffering from schizophrenia often gets to see the splitting of personality, due to which the relationship with the patient is broken. When schizophrenia is active, symptoms can include delusions, hallucination, trouble with thinking and concentration and lack of motivation. The person becomes unable to handle and take care of his responsibilities. However, when these symptoms were treated. Most patients in schizophrenia are from 20 to 25 years.
Most people with schizophrenia will greatly improve over time while there is no cure for schizophrenia research is leading to new safer treatment. Experts studying genetics conducting behavior of research and by using advanced imaging to look at the brain’s structure and function. These approaches hold the promise of new more effective therapies.
The complexity of this disease may help to explain why there are misconceptions about the disease.
Firstly, schizophrenia disease does not mean split personality or multiple personalities. Most people with schizophrenia are not dangerous or violent. They also are not homeless nor do they live in hospitals. Most people live with family, in group homes on their own. Researches have shown that schizophrenia affects the men and women about equally but may have an earlier onset in males. Rates are similar in all ethnic groups around the world. Schizophrenia is considered a group of disorder where cases and symptoms vary considerably between individuals.

Symptoms of Schizophrenia

When this disease is activated it can be characterized by episodes in which the patient is unable to distinguish between real and unreal experiences There are many types of symptoms found in schizophrenia’s patient. Symptoms of schizophrenia fall into several categories.

1. Hallucination: - It is a positive psychotic symptom. Hallucination such as hearing voices paranoid delusion and exaggerated or distorted perceptions, belief, and behavior. The patient suffering from schizophrenia sees him without the presence of any object or person, despite not being a smell, he feels his sensation and in the absence of any sound, he can hear the voice. In some cases, the patient feels that someone trying to contact him from another planet and this type patient thinks that he can see the God.  

2. Delusion: -  It is also a positive psychotic symptom also called paranoid delusion. This is a serious mental illness. Delusion means to have the wrong belief against which patients continue to do so even though there is evidence against them. The main feature of delusion unshakable belief in something untrue or not based on reality. For example, the patient thinks that the people around him are having a conspiracy against him. In many cases, patient aware the people are talking about him or making fun of him but it is not reality.

3. Emotionless: - It is a negative psychotic symptom. We can see a lot of indifference in the person suffering from schizophrenia. In this disorder, the patient has difficulty expressing emotions and a lack of interest in the social relationship. Such patients do not get to see the feeling of sadness. They can’t experience happiness and sorrow like the common people. Such people are sitting alone for hours and do not like to talk to anyone.

4. Lack in Thought Process: - Schizophrenia patients can see deformities in thinking and understanding. These kinds of patients face a problem in decision making. Many times, such patients keep saying something in the loneliness alone. Many times, they use words that have no meaning.

5. Disorganization Symptoms: - In this kind of symptoms appear with confused and disordered thinking and speech trouble with logical thinking and abnormal behavior.

Symptoms usually first appear early in adulthood. Male early 20’s women in early in 30’s risk factor researcher believe that a number of genetic and environmental factors contribute to causation life stresses may play a role in the disorder’s asset and course. Since multiple factors may contribute scientist can’t yet to specific about the exact cause in individual cases.

Treatment of Schizophrenia 

Discovery and rehabilitation treatment can help many people with schizophrenia lead highly productive and rewarding life. Some patients do extremely well while others continue to be symptomatic and need support.

After the symptoms of this disease are controlled the various type of therapy can continue to help people manage the illness and improve their lives. Therapy and support can help people learn social skills cope with stress. The treatment of schizophrenia is quite long on mitosis. But it is possible to treat it psychologically. If the patient is given treatment only from the beginning of the disease, the problem is quickly caught in the catch.

In addition to drug and medications, many people with schizophrenia also benefit from some form of psychotherapy or social support treatment. There are a variety of other treatments for schizophrenia that may be helpful. Finding and following daily routines can be helpful for an individual grappling with this disorder, and getting support from friends and family can be an important component in recovery.

Is Schizophrenia genetic?

Although only 1 in 100 people get schizophrenia about 1 to 10 people with this disease have a parent the illness. Combination of genetics, environment and altered brain chemistry and structure may play a role. According to psychologists, one of the reasons for schizophrenia is genetics too.


Can Schizophrenia affect twins similarly? 

An identical twin has exactly the same genetic make-up as his or her brother or sister, down to the smallest piece of DNA. If one identical twin has schizophrenia, their twin has about a 50:50 chance of having it too.

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